The with statement in Python allows you to open and manipulate a file and it will take care of closing it for you.

Very handy stuff.

python with statement

gyaresu@shadowrun:~/programming/projects/violent python|⇒  echo "blah stuff wooble" > thing.txt
gyaresu@shadowrun:~/programming/projects/violent python|⇒  ipython
Python 2.7.2 (default, Oct 11 2012, 20:14:37)
Type "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.

IPython -- An enhanced Interactive Python.
?         -> Introduction and overview of IPython's features.
%quickref -> Quick reference.
help      -> Python's own help system.
object?   -> Details about 'object', use 'object??' for extra details.

In [1]: file = open("thing.txt")

In [2]: data =

In [3]: print data
blah stuff wooble

In [4]: file.close()

In [5]: with open("thing.txt") as file:
   ...:     data =
   ...:     print data
blah stuff wooble

In [6]: data2 =
ValueError                                Traceback (most recent call last)
<ipython-input-6-6dc93a98dd0a> in <module>()
----> 1 data2 =

ValueError: I/O operation on closed file

In [7]:


23 June 2013